From names of individual persons and petty kitchen items to profound research subjects and world histories, sciences, arts and commerce, which apparently seems unbound here which precisely means from anything to everything we need not go out searching today, we just need to sit and google it. Google is more than a word today — it is the allegorical Bible or even more. That’s what it is; a click from google could exactly lead us to anywhere we wish. It has become a household word, a household activity and a household presence worldwide. In other words, it is omniscientand omnipotent, blasphemyapart. Alight in any country, google will convert the currencies; want to make a bomb, google will teach; want to party, google will make it organised; want to shop, google gives the options; want to learn any darn thing on earth, a click of google is what it needs. In matters relating to google, anything means anything; Google is bosom to everything. It seems brass-necked to admit that to know about google, we have to google again indeed. In a nutshell, adjectives cannot circumscribe the power and attributes of the kingdom called Google.
All apart, it must be stated that Google is today 16 years old. It has dragged itself by a tedious journey beginning with the domain registration to evolving search to double click to YouTube to Android, automated cars, Google Glass to balloons beaming down the internet.
To define Google, it must be said that it is an American multinational corporation specialising in internet-based services and products which comprise of online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing and software. Bulk of Google’s profit comes from AdWords, an online advertising service.
It was in 1995 when two Ph.D students, namely Larry Page and Sergey Brin met at Stanford University and began collaborating on a search engine called BackRub, as part of their research project in 1996 a new chapter opened. The BackRub project operated on Stanford for more than a year, but eventually took up a lot of bandwidth. In 1997, Google.com was registered as a domain. And the name was retrieved with a play on the almost eponymous word “googol”, which basically is a mathematical term for the number represented by the numeral 1 followed by 100 zeros. Apparently, this kind of nomenclature makes cogent of the fact that Larry and Sergey were verily in a mission to organise a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web.
Larry launched a monthly “Google Friends Newsletter” in April, 1998 to inform fans about company news. On September 4, 1998, the company called Google. Inc files for incorporation in California. Both Larry and Sergey opened a bank account for the first time in the freshly entrenched company’s name. Then they hired their first employee, Craig Silverstein, who was their fellow CS grad student at Stanford. He worked with Google for more than ten years. Google’s workspace was then confined only to a garage of one, Susan Wojcicki at Santa Margarita Avenue, Menlo Park, California. In Februray, 1999 they moved their office at 165 University Avenue in Palo Alto with only eight employees. Then in the same year, they hired their first man to run the sales, Omid Kordestani and also a chef by the name, Charlie Ayers.
In April, 2000, Google announces the MentalPlex, which enables it to read people’s minds as the person tries to visualise the search results he wants. The same year May, Google wins the first Webby Awards: Technical Achievment (voted by judges) and People’s Voice (voted by users). Google’s first doodle celebrates Bastille Day in France in July, 2000. In October, Google AdWords was launched with 350 customers and in December Google Toolbar was released, which was actually a browser plug-in that makes it possible to search without visiting the Google homepage. March, 2001 saw Eric Schmidt becoming the chairman of the Google Board of Directors and in the same year, July Google Images was launched for the first time offering access to over 250 million images. In August, same year Google opens its first international office in Tokyo, Japan. In September, 2002 Google News was launched with access to 4000 news sources. Today, Google News is comprised of more than 50000 news sources with 70 regional editions in different languages. Froogle, the Google Shopping site was launched in December, 2002 permitting people search for stuff to buy.
In January, 2004, Google launches Orkut, which in its heyday became the most indispensable social network in several countries. The Google office moves to 1600 Amphitheatre Parkway in Mountain View, California, which is also their present headquarters, with more than 800 employees now. Gmail, the most popular among e-mail providers today, was launched by Google on the April Fool’s Day, 2004. Picasa, which helps people organise and display photos online, is the most appealing software among users today. It was acquired by Google.Inc in July, 2004. Google Hong Kong office becomes the first of its kind in the Greater China region in September, 2004. Google.org was launched in December same year. In February, 2005, Google Maps goes live and two months later, Google adds satellite views and directions to the product and later again, Google Maps began appearing even in mobile phones. During the end of the same year, Google also launches Gmail for mobile users in the United States.
The most crucial of all inventions by Google was the announcement of Android, the first open platform for mobile devices in Novemeber, 2007. The first mobile phone built on the Android Operating system G1 was announced by T-Mobile in September, 2008 and along with this, Google Chrome also becomes available for download at the same hour. In 2009, simultaneously Voice Search was launched for Android, Google Voice was also introduced for the first time and later that year, Google Maps Navigation begins using 3D views, voice guidance and live traffic data. In January, 2010 Google introduces for the first time Nexus One to show what’s possible on the Android devices. The Nexus devices have since grown and now they include all tablets as well as phones. May, 2010 saw Google TV being built on Android and Chrome, which started providing an easy and fast way to navigate to television channels, websites, apps, shows and movies.
In April, 2011, Larry Page took over as the new CEO of Google and Eric Schmidt becomes the executive chairman. Finally in the list of Google’s indefinitely umpteen achievements, September, 2013 recorded Android passing over 1 billion device activations, which brought to book the quality of work of the entire Android ecosystem and along with that, the enthusiasm of users all around the world. Off late, Google has launched a new company by the name Calico with Arthur D. Levinson as the CEO to maintain its primary strategy of focusing on health and well-being. Google is what it is today because of its highest adaptability at all costs, all environments and all businesses. It has rolled a lot to reach the pedestal over which it is standing today, thanks to the brainchild of the pioneers and the workmen. A rag-to- riches fable, today that’s what is Google.
This Article is taken from Disha’s The Knowledge Book.
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