Aimed at encouraging higher education institutions to deal with the problems of rural India sanitation and hygiene, water supply, health and education, and provide appropriate solutions for them, the government has recently launched Unnat Bharat Abhiyan (UBA) which can lead to a radical change in the country, if the technology is relevant, reliable and affordable,” experts say.
The programme was launched on 11 November 2014, National education day, which also marked the anniversary of the birth of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first in India, the Minister of education.
Under the UBA, 18 institutions of higher education were invited including IITs at Bombay, Delhi, Gandhinagar, Bhubaneswar, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Indore, India, Jodhpur, Kanpur, Madras, Kharagpur, Mandi, Patna, Roorkee and Ropar, BHU Varanasi and Indian Institute of science education and research, Bhopal, and Malviya National Institute of technology, Jaipur.
According to the UBA website, 70% of India’s population lives in rural areas engaged in agricultural Economics, agriculture and related industries employ 51% of the workforce, but they accounted for only 17 percent of GDP. Every institution has adopted a village, where it will work. While IIT Delhi took 32 sat in front of Haryana, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, IIT Bombay took 27 villages and IIT Madras 11 villages.